Category Programming Languages

Introduction Will Programming Be Replaced by AI Within the Next 10-15 Years?

Artificial intelligence (AI) is advancing rapidly, leading many to wonder if the need for human programmers could soon disappear. However, experts believe programming will endure and evolve as it integrates AI, rather than be replaced outright.

Programming has constantly adapted to new technologies like compilers, databases, web systems, mobile platforms, and cloud infrastructure without eliminating the need for skilled coders. AI looks to follow this pattern of enhancing programmers’ capabilities rather than eliminating the profession.

A Quick History of Programming

Let’s start with a abbreviated history of programming’s evolution so we can see how much languages and tools have adapted over a relatively short time while actually increasing overall demand for coders. 📈

1940s–1950s – Computers programmed using binary via hardware switches and wires. Extremely laborious.

1950s – Assembly language allows text substitutions for 1’s and 0’s. Still very low level.

1950s–1960s – Beginnings of high-level languages like FORTRAN, COBOL, ALGOL, BASIC. More English-like syntax. Mainframes dominate. 💾

1970s–1980s – C, Pascal, PL/I popularize programming techniques like functions/procedures and types. Mini computers mainstream. 🖥️

1980s–1990s – Object oriented languages like C++‎, Objective C, Smalltalk emerge. GUI desktop apps and PC growth fuels software industry. 💻

1990s-2000s – Scripting languages like Perl, Python, Ruby gain adoption. Microsoft dominates with .NET languages C#, Java. 📱

2000s-2010s – Web 2.0 with JS, PHP, cloud platformsexpand programming for web/mobile apps and distributed systems. AI/data science enters industry. 📱☁️

Today – Multi-paradigm languages, rich ecosystems, advanced devops, AI assistants augment programmers. IoT, crypto, biotech, quantum new frontiers. 🤖🚀

As this history shows, programming has evolved enormously in just 70 years while continually expanding in importance. Languages only gotten more abstract and powerful, not less.

Key Advantages of Evolving Programming

It’s important to note the clear benefits brought by successive generations of languages:

  • Increasing productivity + abstraction – What used to require flipping switches one by one now doable in a few lines of Python. Languages increasingly handle mechanics allowing programmers to focus on solving higher level problems.
  • Built on previous innovations – For example, Java built on C/C++ without requiring developers to unlearn older languages. New languages stand on shoulders of languages before them.
  • Expanding capabilities – Modern languages connect to expansive libraries, data tools, frameworks. Greatly increase what programmers can develop which grows industry.

Rather than make programming extinct, innovations like AI look to follow historical patterns and augment capabilities of programmers.

Programming has adapted before and is poised to evolve again rather than disappear from increasing automation.📈

woman programming on a notebook
Photo by Christina Morillo on

Key Points on Why Programming Will Endure

Here are 5 key reasons experts remain confident programming will continue evolving as an essential human skill rather than disappear any time soon from AI automation:

1. Programming Has Consistently Adapted to Game-Changing Innovations

Throughout 60+ years of nonstop, accelerating computer science advancement, programming and programmers have repeatedly adapted to new technologies, including:

  • Hardware architectures
  • Operating system platforms
  • Networked systems
  • Graphical user interfaces
  • Cloud infrastructure
  • Virtualization containers
  • Mobile devices
  • Open source models
  • Agile methodologies
  • Relational databases

Rather than be made obsolete, programming has evolved along with each of these major innovations by developing new languages, techniques, and tools to leverage emerging capabilities.

Artificial intelligence is unlikely to break this pattern that has been demonstrated for over half a century. In particular, AI can be compared to other breakthroughs like compilers, garbage collection, and graphical interfaces that all initially promised to automate programming but in fact expanded possibilities greatly.

2. Billions of Lines of Legacy Code Are Here to Stay

It’s estimated over 300 billion lines of code have been written cumulatively. Of code actively used today, as much of 95% relies on programming over a year old while a majority depends on code more than a decade old!

Much of this code runs vital systems like:

  • Banking
  • Insurance
  • Retail
  • Energy
  • Transport
  • Telecom
  • Military
  • Space systems

This existing old yet mission-critical software absolutely requires skilled programming talent to continue maintaining and enhancing it for decades to come. For example, many banking systems rely on old COBOL mainframe code no AI system could replace overnight.

3. Certain Strengths Remain Uniquely Human

While artificial intelligence displays new capabilities weekly in areas like statistical analytics, complex optimization math and predictive modeling, uniquely human qualities remain unmatched:

  • Divergent thinking, creativity and the arts
  • Multi-domain expertise
  • Strategy development with ambiguity
  • Social and emotional intelligence
  • Communication nuance and leadership
  • Intuition, curiosity, asking “why”

These human strengths have synergy with AI tools rather than being displaced by them. Therefore, the creative aspects fundamental to good programming seem unlikely to ever be fully automated. Hybrid human–AI collaboration is the ultimate goal over pure replacement.

Will Programming Be Replaced by AI
Will Programming Be Replaced by AI — Photo by Kevin Ku on

4. It Still Demands Great Programmers to Improve AI Itself

The misconception many have about AI is that it is somehow sentient or developing free of human assistance toward its general intelligence aspirations.

In reality, today’s AI is engineered painstakingly by teams of highly skilled programmers collaborating with subject matter experts in narrow domains. Programming platforms like TensorFlow use immense amounts of code created by engineers to function.

So while AI aims to someday match general human intelligence, currently it absolutely relies on specialized human programming talent pushing it forward the same way the Apollo project relied on remarkable engineers.

5. Increased Abstraction Creates More Opportunity, Not Less

Part of why programming has thrived for over 60 years is it has grown increasingly abstracted from physical hardware. High-level languages allow the same program code to run on different operating systems and processors using interchangeable components.

Rather than reduce the importance of programmers, this abstraction has greatly expanded opportunities by making programming more accessible and applicable to new domains like web and mobile apps.

AI promises to continue this trend of increasing abstraction from low level details toward higher concepts. This favors the generative abilities of human programmers focused on solving real world problems rather than tedious coding itself.

The key historical pattern is clear: higher abstraction → more possibilities → increased programmer opportunities rather than extinction.

Will Programming Be Replaced by AI – Are programmers Obsolete ? Via Youtube

Examples of Enduring and New Roles for Programmers

Given programming’s solid future, what emerging roles seem most likely? Here are various examples:

Training AI Models

With data now the world’s most valuable resource, skilled programmers will be in continuous demand to clean, normalize and label datasets for training ever-improving AI systems. Understanding biases in data and models will also grow in importance ethically.

Specializing in Legacy Languages

As explained earlier, legacy systems in old languages like FORTRAN, COBOL, VB will all need dedicated programmers for the foreseeable future as core modernization takes decades. Modern languages have also now been around long enough to already have legacy status retaining specialists like Perl, Ruby, and ColdFusion developers.

Bridging Business Needs to Technical Implementation

Because coding via natural language interaction remains unreliable, humans able to translate ambiguous business requirements into rigorous technical specifications will stay crucial across industries. Understanding both business and technology will only grow more valuable as this gap persists through AI’s rise.

Developing in New Paradigms

Quantum computing, biocomputing, nanotechnology and brain-computer-interfaces are emerging platforms demanding custom programming paradigms from highly skilled developers. These fields promise new modes of software engineering we haven’t conceived yet.

Programming AI Itself

Current AI techniques utilize neural networks, reinforcement learning, simulations, and knowledge graphs optimized by massive matrices of math. Developing novel algorithms and structures for AI demands advanced programming across specialized languages, libraries and tools likely for decades to come.

The inventors powering historic advances from Alpha Go to Alpha Fold have all been extremely talented programmers pushing boundaries of computation itself. There will never be a shortage of groundbreaking work programming smarter AI.

Overall there is no indication programming is headed toward irrelevance anytime soon. If anything, exponentially rising complexity implies an even greater need for skilled developers.

The future likely holds more abundant and diverse programming roles not less for those who upskill and specialize. 🚀

Perspectives on AI from Software Leaders

Let’s hear opinions on AI’s impact directly from several leading programmers and technology CEO’s:

Andreessen Horowitz Co-Founder Marc Andreessen

“Software is eating the world…I think tech is still at the beginning.”

MongoDB Founder Eliot Horowitz

“We’re just seeing the first era of what’s possible with machine learning and autonomous systems. People talk about the demise of programming – no way – we’re going to need a whole lot more smart programmers building that stuff for decades.”

GitLab CEO Sid Sijbrandij

“Code writing will change, just like many other professions changed in the last hundred years. But we’ll use more, higher level code – not less.”

Their confidence mirrors experts surveyed. Most developers won’t be replaced directly since higher level tools will empower more creation not less.

However, coders who fail to adapt by learning platforms like AI could fall behind more nimble peers.

Guidance on Adapting as a Developer

For programmers wondering what skills to acquire to future-proof their careers in light of AI’s advancement, here is some expert advice:

  • Double down on fundamentals – data structures, algorithms, design patterns, architecture principles
  • Choose a specialty aligning with your interests – security, robotics, compilers, bioinformatics
  • Learn cloud platforms like AWS, Azure, and GCP for distributed systems
  • Pick up a scripting language like Python or JavaScript if you don’t know one
  • Experiment with an AI framework like TensorFlow or PyTorch
  • Focus on core soft skills – creativity, critical thinking, communication

A core mindset shift for modern developers is realizing no single individual can know the entire field anymore. The days of mastering every programming language are over as software grows exponentially complex integrating ideas from other disciplines like statistics and design.

Aim to cultivate T-shaped ability instead: medium competency across development with deep fluency in a handful of key areas aligned with your talents.

Programmers having perseverant grit plus wide peripheral vision will continue adapting to whatever innovations emerge next.

Key Takeaway Will Programming Be Replaced by AI Within the Next 10-15 Years?

Software engineering history shows:

Each wave of new technology like AI doesn’t eliminate programming jobs overall but rather increases opportunities for adaptable developers to integrate leading edge capabilities.

So learn eagerly, specialize smartly in what fulfils you, communicate clearly and programming prospects seem assured for the foreseeable future!

The luddite doomsayers projecting programming’s demise have been proven wrong for 70+ years and counting. With trillion dollar companies built solely on code and society increasingly digitized, expect programming to remain essential knowledge work for generations to come.